The only really effective way to attack the problem of genetic disease is to actively select against the defective genes, rather than trying to select for the most normal dogs you can find. It’s a way a thinking about breeding that seems counter-intuitive, until you realize that if you know who the affected and ...A traditional pedigree shows the parentage of a purebred dog back through three or more generations. If you take a traditional pedigree and begin filling in the rest of the close relatives (siblings, half-sibs, offspring, multiple matings, etc.), you’ve got the beginnings of a genetic pedigree ( lets’ call it a genped for short )....My personal experience has been with two very different singleton pups. The first had a very "stable" easy going mother. As this pup grew up his basic genetic make up was confident and low key. I have a very large multi-dog household so the "family" provided him with lots of social interaction within my family...Man for centuries has tried various methods to improve performance. Some of the methods have stood the test of time, others have not. Those who first conducted research on this topic believed that the period of early age was a most important time for stimulation because of its rapid growth and development. Today, we know...As with the stock shows, the intent was to showcase fine breeding stock. But over the years the emphasis has changed from providing a showcase to a major criterion for determination of “breeding quality.” The old adage “breed the best to the best” has subtly changed in meaning toward breeding the best-looking to the best-looking....