The creation of a fine brood bitch must begin generations before the day she first whelps. Not only must she come from stock notable for beauty of form and movement, and stability of temperament ideal for her breed, but there should be also behind her generations of dams granddams who whelped easily, normally, and who...Symmetry is “balanced proportions.” It brings something into a pleasing arrangement. Dog judges with an “eye” see the dog as a whole. “Filling the eye” means no one thing out of place. Therefore, when the eye is drawn to a particular part of any animal such as rear, coat, front, or head, it usually incorrect…documented; suffice to say that straight stifles are undesirable and produce the all too common stilted action and invariably are a cause of knee and hip joint problems. Over angulation is also detrimental and places undue stress on the knee and hock joints, and results in the ‘bobbing up and down’ action and ‘crabbing’ movement....Sideways, the foreface is about as deep ast is wide. This type of head, with a good stop and set with neat rose ears, is the ideal. It can be quick to punish, with ease of movement. The circumference of skull should be about the approximate height at the shoulder. This should also coincide …”The easiest way to explain this is to compare the Stafford hock to that of a rabbit. A rabbit must have an overlong hock because it must be able to quickly and purposefully get away from its prey. It does so by a very long and quick hopping motion so that it removes itself from...The Ostrich Syndrome can damage dogs in a number of ways. The ignorance, denial and fear it fosters in breeders can prevent genetic diseases from being identified and studied early enough to keep them from becoming widespread. Breeds which develop a reputation for being disease-ridden risk rejection by the public - including that part of...A slipped hock will fold forward with virtually NO pressure, and the dog will be unable to resist it. To determine a slipped hock, place several fingers on the back of the hock lightly pressing forward until the dog either picks up the foot and steps forward or the joint collapses forward . ...I make this statement at the expense of being tarred and feathered but increasingly, the best dog you’ll ever breed may be the hardest dog you will ever finish. It will be the “odd man out” and look different from the majority of dogs represented in the ring. Why? Some judges, insecure in a breed...... meantime we can use the drawings from Alan Mitchell’s book (with hispermission) to explain what we are looking for in photography. Dish-faced - A slight concaveness of foreface, the tip of the nose is higher that the stop, when viewed in profile. Down-faced - where the muzzle inclines downward from the skull to nose….Your article on bite was very good; however, in spite of the AKC's breed description as to bite and the acceptability of a "level" bite, you indicate that the "level" bite is undesirable. It may be undesirable in England but in the US, it is acceptable. This leaves judges and others who are not familiar...Breed Type. You should know it when you see it. Richard Beauchamp put it this way “Breed type is such an elusive thing… It is something that can’t be taught but it can be learned. Even when type is present to the fullest, one person may see it and the person next to him may...